GUARDAMAR ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE
Roman Factory and the Mediaeval Islamic Rabita or Ribat on Montcaio Hill
These are settlements with several construction phases in Roman times (1st-4th c. AD). It is a set of Roman and late Roman buildings related to a seaside settlement where sea resources were exploited such as: fisheries, salt and derivatives.
Crowning the archaeological sequence of the site there is a mediaeval Islamic Caliphate Rabita or Monastery from the Taifa period (10th-11th c. AD). The structure excavated is composed of a cell containing an oratory Quibla wall with its Mihrab.
Considering the the fact that the ‘Rabita’ or ribat is so near the shore explains just how important the Mediterranean coastline was for the Islamic Hispanic mediaeval communities.